Pluznick Home Page
Department of Physiology
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

"Recognizing that we have the kind of blood we have because we have the kind of kidneys we have, we must acknowledge that our kidneys constitute the major foundation of our philosophical freedom. Only because they work the way they do has it become possible for us to have bones, muscles, glands and brains. Superficially, it might be said that the function of the kidney is to make urine; but in a more considered view one can say that the kidneys make the stuff of philosophy itself."
 -Homer Smith "From fish to philosopher"

Pluznick Lab Johns Hopkins School of Medicine